ヨーロッパ アルプス 峠ドライブ紀行 TOPに戻る
[ヨーロッパ アルプス 峠ドライブ・写真・絵本]
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通過ルートmap =通過済み峠、=次目標峠。黄/青/桃/緑は4流域。右下はヨーロッパ・アルプスエリアと日本・本州の緯度・サイズ。【数字は1500m以上の通過峠数/目標峠数+1500m未満の峠】<クリックで図は拡大します>

ヨーロッパ アルプスの山脈・峠などの 解説/分類・・

Index:
 T:アルプス山脈の意味・解説
 U:アルプス山脈の分類-1
 V:アルプス山脈の分類-2と主要峠名
 W:アルプス山脈の分類-3


T:アルプス山脈の意味・解説

・アルプス山脈/ Alps(英/ラテン)/ Alpes(仏)/ Alpi(伊)/ Alpen(独)
  ヨーロッパ中央部を東西に横切る「山脈」である。
  オーストリア、スロベニアを東端とし、イタリア、ドイツ、リヒテンシュタイン、スイス各国にまたがり、フランスを南西端とする多国にまたがっている。
  アルプスの語源は、アルプが多数なのでアルプスであると考える説と、ケルト語の alp「岩山」を語源とし、ラテン語を経由したと考える説がある。

・プレ・アルプス/ Prealps/ 低アルプス
  アルプス山脈につながる、中程度の高さの山地(地帯)で、フランス・プレアルプスやイタリア・プレアルプスなどをいう

・アルプ/ alp(英)/ alpe(仏)/ Alpe(独)
  スイスなどの高山山腹の夏季放牧場

http://ja.wikipedia.org/【アルプス山脈】

ページ上部へ

U:アルプス山脈の分類-1


 ヨーロッパアルプスは、西部アルプスと東部アルプスに分けられ、その分解点は、ボーデン湖とコモ湖を結ぶライン川に沿っている。
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/【Geography of the Alps:アルプスの地理学、地理、地勢、地形】


より大きな地図で The Alpsヨーロッパアルプスの分類 を表示

alps分類

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alps【Alps解説:The Alps (German: Alpen; Italian: Alpi; Lombard: Alp; French: Alpes; Occitan: Aups/Alps; Romansh: Alps; Slovene: Alpe) 】



【Digital relief of the Alps】


【The Alps with international borders marked】


−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alps
●Alps

The Alps are generally divided into the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps.
The division is along the line between Lake Constance and Lake Como, following the Rhine.
西部アルプスと東部アルプスに分けられ、その分解点は、ボーデン湖とコモ湖を結ぶライン川に沿っている。
−−−
┣ The Western Alps西部アルプス(最高峰Mont Blanc4808m)
┃ ┃ (Italy, France,Switzerland)
┃ ┃ (最高峰Mont Blanc4808m)
┃ ┣・Ligurian Alps (Cadibona峠〜Tende峠)・・It
┃ ┣・Maritime Alps (Tende峠〜Maddalena/Larche峠)・・Fr/It
┃ ┣・Cottian Alps (〜Mont Cenis峠)・・Fr/It
┃ ┣・Dauphine Alps (フランス内ガリビエ峠など)・・Fr
┃ ┣・Graian Alps(Iseran峠・モンブラン・〜小サンベルナール峠/Forclaz峠) ・・Fr/It
┃ ┣・Pennine Alps(大サンベルナール峠〜シンプロン峠)・・Ch/It
┃ ┣・Bernese Alps (Furka Pass/Grimsel Pass)・・Ch
┃ ┣・Lepontine Alps(Nufenen Pass〜Splugen Pass) ・・Ch/It
┃ ┣・Glarus Alps(Oberalp Pass-Klausen Pass)・・Ch
┃ ┗・North-Eastern Swiss Alps.(Pragel Pass)・・Ch


┗ The Eastern Alps東部アルプス
  ┃ (Austria, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia,Switzerland)
  ┃ (最高峰Piz Bernina4049m)
  ┣・Northern Limestone Alps(北部石灰石アルプス)(オーストリア北部)・・De/At
  ┃  ┗・The Alps of Bavaria, the Vorarlberg, and Salzburg
  ┃  ┗・Flysch(砂岩) zone (from the Wienerwaldウィーン to Bregenzerwaldブレゲンツ).・・De/At
  ┃     (JuraジュラはAlpsに含まれない)
  ┃
  ┣・Central Eastern Alps (Austria, Switzerland)
  ┃  ┃    (スイス・グラウビュンデン州/南チロル/オーストリア中部/)・・Ch/At/It
  ┃  ┣・Bergamo Alps
  ┃  ┣・Rhaetian Alps, including Bernina Range, Livigno Range, Sesvenna Range,
  ┃  ┃     Albula Range, Silvretta and Ratikon
  ┃  ┣・Verwall Alps and Samnaun Alps
  ┃  ┣・Tyrolean Alps, including Otztal Alps, Stubai Alps, Kitzbuhel Alps,
  ┃  ┃     Hohe Tauern and Zillertal Alps
  ┃  ┗・Niedere Tauern
  ┃ 
  ┗・Southern Limestone Alps.(南部石灰石アルプス)(ドロミテ/オーストリア南部/スロベニア)・・It/Si
     ┣・Adamello-Presanella and Brenta Group
     ┣・Ortler Alps
     ┣・Dolomites
     ┣・Carnic Alps
     ┣・Julian Alps
     ┣・Karavanke
     ┗・Kamnik Alps



ページ上部へ

V:アルプス山脈の分類-2と主要峠名


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principal_passes_of_the_Alps【峠分類】

−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
Alpine

A:■Western Alps

●Ligurian Alps
  ○wikipedia
  ・The chief peaks of the Ligurian Alps are Punta Marguareis (2650 m) and Monte Mongioie (2630 m).
  ・Colle di Cadibona 436m 、Colle di Melogno 1028m 、Colle San Bernardo 957m、Colle di Nava I 934m 、Col de Tende 1870m

  ○http://www.xtrallusion.com/The-Region/The-Region.html



●Maritime Alps 
The chief peaks of the Maritime Alps are: Punta dell'Argentera 3290 m (10,794 ft) Mont Tenibre 3032 m (9948 ft) Cime du Gelas 3135 m (10,286 ft) Cime de l'Enchastraye 2955 m (9695 ft) Monte Matto 3087 m (10,128 ft) Mont Bego 2873 m (9426 ft) Mont Pelat 3053 m (10,017 ft) Mont Mounier 2818 m (9246 ft) Mont Clapier 3046 m (9994 ft) Roche de l'Abisse 2755 m (9039 ft)

Passes The chief passes of the Maritime Alps are: name location type elevation (m/ft) Col de la Bonette Tinee Valley to Barcelonnette road 2725 Col de Restefond Col de la Bonette to Barcelonnette road 2680 Bassa di Druos Tinee Valley to Terme di Valdieri bridle path 2630/8629 Colle di Ciriegia Saint-Martin-Vesubie to Terme di Valdieri bridle path 2551/8370 Col des Granges Communes Saint-Etienne-de-Tinee to Barcelonnette bridle path 2512/8242 Col de Pourriac Tinee Valley to Argentera foot path 2506/8222 Colle di Guercia Tinee Valley to Vinadio foot path 2451/8042 Col de la Lombarde Isola to Vinadio road 2350 Col de la Cayolle Var Valley to Barcelonnette road 2327/7717 Col du Sabion Tende to Valdieri bridle path 2264/7428 Col d'Allos Verdon Valley to Barcelonnette road 2250/7382 Maddalena Pass Barcelonnette to Cuneo road 1995/6545 Col de Tende Tende to Cuneo road, road tunnel railway tunnel 1873/6145


●Cottian Alps
Peaks The chief peaks of the Cottian Alps are: Peak Elevation (m/ft) Monte Viso 3841 12,609 Viso di Vallante 3672 12,048 Aiguille de Scolette 3505 11,500 Aiguille de Chambeyron 3412 11,155 Bric de Chambeyron 3388 11,116 Pic de la Font Sancte 3387 11,112 Rognosa d'Etache 3385 11,106 Dents d'Ambin 3382 11,096 Punta Ferrant 3364 11,037 Visolotto 3353 11,001 Bric de Rubren 3340 10,958 Rochebrune 3324 10,906 Punta Sommeiller 3321 10,896 Bric Froid 3302 10,833 Grand Glaiza 3286 10,781 Rognosa di Sestriere 3279 10,758 Panestrel 3253 10,673 Roche du Grand Galibier 3242 10,637 Peou Roc 3231 10,601 Pic du Pelvat 3218 10,558 Pointe Haute de Mary 3212 10,539 Pain de Sucre 3208 10,526 Mont Thabor 3182 10,440 Pointe des Cerces 3180 10,434 Tete des Toillies 3179 10,430 Monte Granero 3170 10,401 Pic du Thabor 3144 10,316 Mont Chaberton 3135 10,286 Tete de Moyse 3110 10,204 Monte Meidassa 3105 10,187 Pelvo d'Elva 3064 10,053 Rocca Bianca 3059 10,307 Mont Politri 3051 10,009 Mont Albergian 3040 9974 Pic Caramantran 3025 9925 Bric Bouchet 2998 9836 Pointe des Marcelettes 2909 9545 Pic du Malrif 2906 9535 Punta Cournour 2868 9410 Passes The chief passes of the Cottian Alps are: name location type (as of 1911) elevation (m/ft) Col Sommeiller Bardonecchia to Bramans snow 2962/9718 Col de la Traversette Crissolo to Abries bridle path 2950/9679 Col d'Ambin Exilles to Bramans snow 2854/9364 Col de St Veran Valle Varaita to the Queyras Valley foot path 2844/9331 Col du Parpaillon Ubaye Valley to the Queyras Valley foot path 2780/9121 Col d'Etache Bardonecchia to Bramans bridle path 2787/9144 Col Agnel Valle Varaita to the Queyras Valley road 2744/9003 Col Girardin Ubaye Valley to the Queyras Valley bridle path 2699/8855 Col de Sautron Valle Maira to Barcelonnette bridle path 2689/8823 Col de Longet Ubaye Valley to Valle Varaita bridle path 2672/8767 Col de Mary Ubaye Valley to Valle Maira bridle path 2654/8708 Col d'Abries Perosa to Abries bridle path 2650/8695 Col de la Roue Bardonecchia to Modane bridle path 2566/8419 Col du Frejus Bardonecchia to Modane dirt road 2542 Col de Clapier Bramans to Susa bridle path 2491/8173 Col d'Izoard Briancon to the Queyras Valley road 2388/7835 Col de la Croix or Passo de la Croce Torre Pellice to Abries bridle path 2309/7576 Petit Mont Cenis Bramans to the Mont Cenis Plateau bridle path 2184/7166 Col de Vars Ubaye Valley to the Queyras Valley road 2115/6939 Mont Cenis Lanslebourg to Susa road 2101/6893 Col de Sestriere Pinerolo to Cesana Torinese road 2021/6631 Col de Larche/Maddalena Pass Ubaye Valley to the Stura Valley road 1991/6532 Col de Montgenevre Briancon to Susa road 1854/6083 Col de l'Echelle Briancon to Bardonecchia road 1760/5774

●Dauphine Alps
The chief peaks of the Dauphine Alps are: Barre des Ecrins 4102 meters (13,459 feet) Pic Felix Neff 3222 meters (10,571 feet) Meije 3987 meters (13,081 feet) Vieux Chaillol 3163 meters (10,378 feet) Ailefroide 3954 meters (12,972 feet) Tete de Vautisse 3162 meters (10,375 feet) Mont Pelvoux 3946 meters (12,946 feet) Grand Pinier 3120 meters (10,237 feet) Pic Sans Nom 3915 meters (12,845 feet) Pic de Parieres 3050 meters (10,007 feet) Pic Gaspard 3880 meters (12,730 feet) Mourre Froid 2996 meters (9830 feet) Pic Coolidge 3756 meters (12,323 feet) Grand Pic de Belledonne 2977 meters (9767 feet) Grande Ruine 3754 meters (12,317 feet) Rocherblanc (Sept Laux) 2931 meters (9617 feet) Rateau 3754 meters (12,317 feet) Taillefer 2861 meters (9387 feet) Les Bans 3669 meters (12,037 feet) Tete de l'Obiou 2793 meters (9164 feet) Montagne des Agneaux 3660 meters (12,008 feet) Pic du Frene 2810 meters (9219 feet) Sommet des Rouies 3634 meters (11,923 feet) Grand Ferrand 2761 meters (9059 feet) Aiguille du Plat de la Selle 3596 meters Pic de Bure (Aurouse) 2712 meters (8898 feet) Olan 3564 meters (11,735 feet) Pic Bonvoisin 3560 meters (11,680 feet) Aiguilles d'Arves (highest point) 3514 meters (11,529 feet) Grandes Rousses 3473 meters (11,395 feet) Roche de la Muzelle 3459 meters (11,349 feet) Sirac 3438 meters (11,280 feet) Passes The chief passes of the Dauphine Alps are: name location type elevation (m/ft) Col de la Lauze Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans to La Grave snow 3543/11,625 Col des Avalanches La Berarde to Vallouise snow 3511/11,520 Col de la Casse Deserte La Berarde to La Grave snow 3510/11,516 Col Emile Pic La Grave to Vallouise snow 3502/11,490 Col des Ecrins La Berarde to Vallouise snow 3415/11,205 Col du Glacier Blanc La Grave to Vallouise snow 3308/10,854 Col du Sele La Berarde to Vallouise snow 3302/10,834 Breche de la Meije La Berarde to la Grave snow 3300/10,827 Col de la Temple La Berarde to Vallouise snow 3283/10,772 Col des Aiguilles d'Arves Valloire to Saint-Jean-d'Arves snow 3150/10,335 Col du Says La Berarde to the Val Gaudemar snow 3136/10,289 Col du Clot des Cavales La Berarde to La Grave snow 3128/10,263 Col du Loup du Valgaudemar Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar snow 3112/10,210 Col Lombard La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves snow 3100/10,171 Breche des Grandes Rousses Allemont to Clavans snow 3100/10,171 Col du Sellar Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar snow 3067/10,063 Col de la Muande St Christophe to the Val Gaudemar snow 3059/10,037 Col des Quirlies Saint-Jean-d'Arves to Clavans snow 2950/9679 Col du Goleon La Grave to Valloire foot path 2880/9449 Pas de la Cavale Vallouise to Champoleon dirt road 2740/8990 Col d'Orcieres Dormillouse to Orcieres bridle path 2700/8859 Col de l'Infernet La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves foot path 2690/8826 Col du Galibier Col du Lautaret to Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne road 2658/8721 Breche de Valsenestre Bourg d'Oisans to Valsenestre foot path 2634/8642 Col de Vallonpierre Val Gaudemar to Champoleon foot path 2620/8596 Col de Val Estrete Val Gaudemar to Champoleon foot path 2620/8596 Col de la Vaurze Val Gaudemar to Valjouffrey foot path 2600/8531 Col de Martignare La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves foot path 2600/8531 Col des Tourettes Orcieres to Chateauroux-les-Alpes bridle path 2580/8465 Col de la Muzelle St Christophe to Valsenestre foot path 2500/8202 Col de l'Eychauda Vallouise to Le Monetier-les-Bains bridle path 2429/7970 Col d'Arsine La Grave to Le Monetier-les-Bains bridle path 2400/7874 Col des Pres Nouveaux Le Freney to Saint-Jean-d'Arves bridle path 2293/7523 Col des Sept Laux Allevard to Bourg d'Oisans bridle path 2184/7166 Col du Lautaret Briancon to Bourg d'Oisans road 2075/6808 Col de la Croix de Fer Bourg d'Oisans to Saint-Jean-d'Arves road 2062/6765 Col du Glandon Bourg d'Oisans to La Chambre road 1951/6401 Col de l'Alpe de Venosc Venosc to Les Deux Alpes bridle path 1660/5446 Col d'Ornon Bourg d'Oisans to La Mure road 1360/4462 Col Bayard La Mure to Gap road 1246/4088 Col de la Croix Haute Grenoble to Serres and Gap road, railroad 1167/3829


●Graian Alps

Mont Blanc group Name metres feet Name metres feet Mont Blanc 4,807 15,771 Aiguille du Tacul 3,438 11,280 Mont Maudit 4,471 14,669 Pointe d'Orny 3,274 10,742 Dome du Gouter 4,331 14,210 Dents du Midi 3,260 10,696 Grandes Jorasses 4,205 13,797 Mont Favre 3,259 10,693 Aiguille Verte 4,127 13,541 Tour Salliere 3,227 10,588 Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,066 13,341 Pointe de Lechaud 3,127 10,260 Dent du Geant 4,013 13,166 Mont Buet 3,109 10,201 Trelatete 3,911 12,832 Mont Ruan 3,078 10,099 Aiguille d'Argentiere 3,902 12,802 Pic de Tenneverge 2,982 9,784 Aiguille de Triolet 3,876 12,717 Aiguille du Belvedere (Aigs Rouges) 2,966 9,731 Aiguille du Midi 3,843 12,609 Crammont 2,737 8,980 Tour Noir 3,836 12,586 Pointe des Fours 2,719 8,921 Aiguille des Glaciers 3,834 12,579 Pointe du Colloney 2,692 8,832 Mont Dolent 3,823 12,543 Catogne 2,599 8,527 Aiguille du Chardonnet 3,822 12,540 Mont Joly 2,527 8,291 Aiguille du Dru 3,754 12,316 Brevent 2,525 8,284 Domes de Miage 3,688 12,100 Pointe de Sales 2,494 8,183 Aiguille du Tour 3,540 11,615 Aiguille de Varan 2,488 8,163 Aiguille du Grepon 3,502 11,489 Mont Chetif 2,343 7,687 Aiguille des Charmoz 3,442 11,293 Central group Name metres feet Name metres feet Pointe de Charbonnel 3760 12,336 Grande Aiguille Rousse 3482 11,424 Aiguille de la Grande Sassiere 3757 12,325 Granta-Parey 3473 11,395 Uia di Ciamarella 3676 12,061 Roc du Moulinet 3469 11,382 Albaron 3638 11,936 Aiguille Pers 3451 11,323 Pointe de Ronce 3618 11,871 Cima dell' Auille?? 3446 11,306 Levanna 3615 11,860 Pointe de la Galise 3345 10,975 Bec de l'Invergnan 3608 11,838 Pointe de la Traversiere 3341 10,962 Tsanteleina 3606 11,831 Ormelune/Pointe d'Archeboc 3283 10,771 Bessanese 3597 11,801 Signal du Mont Iseran 3241 10,634 Croce Rossa 3567 11,703 Grand Assaly 3174 10,413 Punta d'Arnas 3540 11,615 Torre d'Ovarda 3075 10,089 Rochemelon 3537 11,605 Dome de Val d'Isere 3033 9951 Punta Chalanson 3530 11,582 Uia di Mondrone 2964 9725 Grande Traversiere 3495 11,467 Monte Unghiasse 2939 9643 Testa del Rutor 3486 11,438 Monte Civrari 2302 7553 Eastern group Name metres feet Name metres feet Gran Paradiso 4061 13,324 Punta Tersiva 3513 11,526 Grivola 3969 13,022 Punta Foura 3410 11,188 Herbetet 3778 12,396 Punta Sengie 3408 11,182 Torre del Gran San Pietro 3692 12,113 Punta Lavina 3308 10,854 Ciarforon 3665 12,025 Rosa dei Banchi 3164 10,381 Roccia Viva 3650 11,976 Becca di Nona 3142 10,309 Becca di Gay 3623 11,887 Punta Pousset 3046 9994 Mont Emilius 3559 11,677 Monte Marzo 2750 9023 ・Western group Name metres feet Name metres feet Grande Casse 3861 12,668 Pointe de la Sana 3436 11,273 Mont Pourri 3788 12,428 Pointe de l'Echelle 3432 11,260 Dent Parrachee 3712 12,179 Pointes de la Gliere 3386 11,109 Grande Motte 3663 12,018 Pointe de Mean Martin 3337 10,949 Dome de l'Arpont 3599 11,808 Roche Chevriere 3282 10,768 Dome de Chasseforet 3586 11,765 Pointe de la Rechasse 3223 10,575 Aiguille de Peclet 3566 11,700 Petit Mont Blanc de Pralognan 2685 8809 Aiguille de Polset 3538 11,608 Mont Jouvet 2563 8409 ・Passes The main passes of the Graian Alps are shown in the table below. The group in which the pass is located is indicated with "MB" for Mont Blanc group, "C" for Central group, "E" for Eastern group, and "W" for Western group. name location group type elevation (m/ft) Col de la Brenva Courmayeur to Chamonix MB snow 4,333 14,217 Col de Triolet Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,691 12,110 Col d'Argentiere Chamonix to Orsieres MB snow 3,516 11,536 Col de la Grande Rousse Rhemes Valley to Valgrisenche C snow 3500 11,483 Col de Talefre Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,484 11,430 Col de Gebroulaz Modane to Meribel W snow 3470 11,385 Col de Monel Cogne to Locana E snow 3428 11,247 Col de Miage Les Contamines to Courmayeur MB snow 3,376 11,077 Col du Geant Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,371 11,060 Col du Grand Paradis Ceresole Reale to Valsavarenche E snow 3349 10,988 Col du Charforon Ceresole Reale to Valsavarenche E snow 3331 10,929 Col de Teleccio Cogne to Locana E snow 3326 10,913 Col du Chardonnet Chamonix to Orsieres MB snow 3,325 10,909 Col de Lauzon Cogne to the Valsavarenche E bridle path 3301 10,831 Col du Bouquetin Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'Isere C snow 3300 10,827 Col de St Grat Valgrisenche to La Thuile C snow 3300 10,827 Col du Tour Chamonix to Orsieres MB snow 3,280 10,762 Fenetre de Saleinaz Saleinaz Glacier to Trient Glacier MB snow 3,264 10,709 Col de l'Herbetet Cogne to Valsavarenche E snow 3257 10,686 Col du Collerin Bessans to Balme C snow 3202 10,506 Col du Grand Etret Ceresole Reale to Valsavaranche E snow 3158 10,361 Col de Bassac Rhemes Valley to Valgrisenche C snow 3153 10,345 Col du Carro Bonneval-sur-Arc to Ceresole Reale C snow 3140 10,302 Col d'Arbole Cogne to Brissogne E snow 3137 10,292 Col de la Goletta Val d'Isere to the Rhemes Valley C snow 3120 10,237 Col de Rhemes Val d'Isere to the Rhemes Valley C snow 3101 10,174 Col de la Grande Casse Pralognan to Termignon W snow 3100 10,171 Col de Sea Bonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi Graie C snow 3083 10,115 Col de l'Autaret Bessans to Usseglio C foot path 3070 10,073 Col de Girard Bonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi Graie C snow 3044 9987 Col Rosset Valsavarenche to the Rhemes Valley C bridle path 3024 9922 Col d'Arnas Bessans to Balme C snow 3014 9889 Col de la Galise Ceresole Reale to Val d'Isere C snow 2998 9836 Col de Sort Valsavarenche to the Rhemes Valley E bridle path 2967 9735 Quecees de Tignes Val d'Isere to Termignon W snow 2940 9646 Col della Nouva Cogne to Pont Canavese E bridle path 2933 9623 Col de Breuil Bourg-Saint-Maurice to La Thuile MB snow 2,879 9,446 Col de Garin Aosta to Cogne E foot path 2868 9411 Collarin d'Arnas Balme to Usseglio C snow 2850 9351 Colle della Finestra Rhemes Valley to the Valgrisenche C foot path 2847 9341 Fenetre de Champorcher Cogne to Champorcher E bridle path 2838 9311 Col Vaudet Sainte-Foy-Tarentaise to the Valgrisenche C foot path 2836 9305 Col de Bardoney Cogne to Pont Canavese E snow 2833 9295 Col de Chaviere Modane to Pralognan W foot path 2806 9206 Col de la Leisse Tignes to Termignon W snow 2780 9121 Col de l'Iseran Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'Isere C road 2769 9085 Ghicet di Sea Balme to Forno Alpi Graie C foot path 2735 8973 Col de la Sachette Tignes to Bourg-Saint-Maurice W foot path 2729 8954 Col du Palet Tignes to Moutiers or Bourg St Maurice W bridle path 2658 8721 Col du Mont Ste Foy to the Valgrisenche C bridle path 2646 8681 Col du Nivolet Ceresole Reale to the Valsavarenche E road 2641 8665 Colle della Crocetta Ceresole Reale to Forno Alpi Graie C bridle path 2636 8649 Col de la Platiere Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Moutiers W bridle path 2600 8531 Col du Mont Tondu Les Contamines to Courmayeur MB snow 2,590 8,498 Col Ferret Courmayeur to Orsieres MB bridle path 2,533 8,311 Col de la Vanoise Pralognan to Termignon W bridle path 2527 8291 Col de la Seigne Les Chapieux to Courmayeur MB bridle path 2,512 8,242 Col de Susanfe Champery to Salvan MB foot path 2,500 8,202 Col du Bonhomme Contamines to Les Chapieux MB bridle path 2,483 8,147 Col de Sageroux Sixt to Champery MB foot path 2,413 7,917 Col des Encombres Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne to Moutiers W bridle path 2337 7668 Col d'Anterne Sixt to Servoz MB bridle path 2,263 7,425 Col de Balme Chamonix to the Trient Valley MB bridle path 2,201 7,221 Little St Bernard Pass Aosta to Moutiers C road 2188 7179 Col de la Madeleine La Chambre to Moutiers W road 1984 6509 Colle Checrouit Courmayeur to the Lac de Combal MB bridle path 1,960 6,431 Col de Voza Chamonix to Les Contamines MB bridle path 1,675 5,496 Col de la Forclaz (F) Chamonix to Saint-Gervais MB bridle path 1,556 5,105 Col de la Forclaz (CH) Argentiere to Martigny MB road 1,520 4,987


●Pennine Alps
 ○http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennine_Alps
<Central Alps>
Peaks The chief peaks of the Pennine Alps are: Name metres feet Name metres feet Dufourspitze (Monte Rosa) 4,638 15,217 Tete Blanche 3,750 12,304 Nordend (Monte Rosa) 4,609 15,121 L'Eveque 3,738 12,264 Dom (Mischabelhorner) 4,554 14,942 Mont Pleureur 3,706 12,159 Lyskamm 4,538 14,889 Aiguille de la Tsa 3,668 12,034 Weisshorn 4,506 14,780 Besso 3,667 12,031 Taschhorn 4,491 14,734 Mont Collon 3,637 11,932 Matterhorn 4,478 14,693 Diablons 3,605 11,828 Dent Blanche 4,364 14,318 Mont Gele 3,517 11,539 Grand Combin 4,314 14,164 Becca di Luseney 3,506 11,503 Castor 4,230 13,879 Chateau des Dames 3,489 11,447 Zinalrothorn 4,223 13,856 Grand Tournalin 3,379 11,086 Alphubel 4,206 13,799 Rosablanche 3,348 10,985 Rimpfischhorn 4,199 13,776 Mont Avril 3,341 10,962 Strahlhorn 4,191 13,751 Grande Rochere 3,326 10,913 Dent d'Herens 4,171 13,684 Corno Bianco 3,320 10,893 Breithorn 4,164 13,661 Testa Grigia 3,315 10,876 Ober Gabelhorn 4,073 13,364 Sasseneire 3,259 10,693 Allalinhorn 4,034 13,236 Grand Golliaz 3,240 10,630 Weissmies 4,031 13,226 Pizzo Bianco 3,216 10,552 Lagginhorn 4,005 13,140 Latelhorn 3,207 10,523 Fletschhorn 3,993 13,110 Schwarzhorn (Augstbord) 3,204 10,512 Grand Cornier 3,962 12,999 Gornergrat 3,136 10,289 Ruinette 3,879 12,727 Mont Nery 3,070 10,073 Mont Blanc de Cheilon 3,870 12,697 Bella Tola 3,028 9,935 Cima di Jazzi 3,818 12,527 Monte Tagliaferro 2,964 9,725 Balfrin 3,802 12,474 Riffelhorn 2,931 9,617 Pigne d'Arolla 3,796 12,454 Cima di Bo 2,556 8,386 Mont Velan 3,765 12,353    
・Passes The chief passes of the Pennine Alps are: Mountain pass location type elevation Sesiajoch Zermatt to Alagna snow 4,424 14,515 Domjoch Randa to Saas-Fee snow 4,286 14,062 Lysjoch Zermatt to Gressoney snow 4,277 14,033 Mischabeljoch Zermatt to Saas-Fee snow 3,856 12,651 Alphubel Pass Zermatt to Saas-Fee snow 3,802 12,474 Adler Pass Zermatt to Saas-Fee snow 3,798 12,461 Moming Pass Zermatt to Zinal snow 3,745 12,287 Schwarztor Zermatt to Ayas snow 3,741 12,274 Ried Pass Sankt-Niklaus to Saas-Fee snow 3,597 11,800 Neues Weisstor Zermatt to Macugnaga snow 3,580 11,746 Allalin Pass Zermatt to Saas-Fee snow 3,570 11,713 Col de Valpelline Zermatt to Aosta snow 3,562 11,687 Biesjoch Randa to Turtmann snow 3,549 11,644 Triftjoch Zermatt to Zinal snow 3,540 11,615 Col du Sonadon Bourg-Saint-Pierre to the Val de Bagnes snow 3,489 11,447 Col d'Herens Zermatt to Evolene snow 3,480 11,418 Col Durand Zermatt to Zinal snow 3,474 11,398 Col des Maisons Blanches Bourg-Saint-Pierre to the Val de Bagnes snow 3,426 11,241 Col de Bertol Arolla to the Col d'Herens snow 3,414 11,200 Col du Mont Rouge Val de Bagnes to the Val d'Heremence snow 3,341 10,962 Theodulpass Zermatt to Valtournenche snow 3,322 10,899 Col de Tracuit Zinal to Turtmann snow 3,252 10,670 Zwischbergen Pass Saas-Fee to Gondo snow 3,248 10,657 Col d'Oren Val de Bagnes to the Valpelline snow 3,242 10,637 Col de Seilon Val de Bagnes to the Val d'Heremence snow 3,200 10,499 Col du Cret Val de Bagnes to the Val d'Heremence snow 3,148 10,329 Col de Valcournera Valtournenche to the Valpelline snow 3,147 10,325 Col de Collon Arolla to Aosta snow 3,130 10,270 Col de Valsorey Bourg-Saint-Pierre to Aosta snow 3,113 10'214 Col de Chermontane Val de Bagnes to Arolla snow 3084 10,119 Cimes Blanches Valtournenche to Ayas bridle path 2,980 9,777 Col de Torrent Evolene to the Val de Torrent bridle path 2,924 9,593 Augstbord Pass Sankt-Niklaus to Turtmann bridle path 2,893 9,492 Col de Crete Seche Val de Bagnes to the Valpelline snow 2,888 9,475 Col d'Olen Alagna to Gressoney bridle path 2,871 9,420 Monte Moro Saas-Fee to Macugnaga bridle path 2,862 9,390 Pas de Chevres Arolla to the Val d'Heremence foot path 2,851 9,354 Antrona Pass Saas-Fee to Antrona bridle path 2,844 9,331 Col de Sorebois Zinal to the Val de Torrent bridle path 2,825 9,269 Col de Vessona Valpelline to Nus foot path 2,794 9,167 Fenetre de Durand Val de Bagnes to Aosta bridle path 2,786 9,141 Z'Meiden Pass Zinal to Turtmann bridle path 2,772 9,095 Turlo Pass Alagna to Macugnaga foot path 2,736 8,977 Fenetre de Ferret Great St Bernard to the Swiss Val Ferret bridle path 2,699 8,855 Colle Bettaforca Ayas to Gressoney bridle path 2,676 8,780 Col Serena Great St Bernard to Morgex foot path 2,538 8,327 Col Ferret Courmayeur to Orsieres bridle path 2,533 8,311 Col de Valdobbia Gressoney to the Val Sesia bridle path 2,479 8,134 Great St Bernard Martigny to Aosta road 2,472 8,111 Col de Moud Alagna to Rima bridle path 2,323 7,622 Col d'Egua Rima to the Valle Anzasca bridle path 2,236 7,336 Simplon Pass Brig to Domodossola road 2,009 6,592 Baranca Pass Varallo to the Val Anzasca bridle path 1,820 5,971


●Bernese Alps
Bernese Alps
List of peaks The chief peaks of the Bernese Alps are: Name Elevation Finsteraarhorn 4274 m 14,026 ft Aletschhorn 4182 m 13,721 ft Jungfrau 4166 m 13,669 ft Monch 4105 m 13,468 ft Grosses Schreckhorn 4080 m 13,386 ft Grosses Fiescherhorn 4049 m 13,285 ft Lauteraarhorn 4042 m 13,261 ft Gletscherhorn 3983 m 13,067 ft Eiger 3975 m 13,042 ft Bietschhorn 3953 m 12,970 ft Gross Wannehorn 3905 m 12,812 ft Gross Nesthorn 3820 m 12,533 ft Lauterbrunnen Breithorn 3779 m 12,399 ft Balmhorn 3711 m 12,176 ft Wetterhorn Mittelhorn 3708 m 12,166 ft Wetterhorn Jungfrau 3703 m 12,149 ft Silberhorn 3695 m 12,122 ft Wetterhorn Rosenhorn 3691 m 12,110 ft Bluemlisalphorn 3671 m 12,044 ft Gross Doldenhorn 3647 m 11,966 ft Atels 3636 m 11,930 ft Dammastock 3633 m 11,920 ft Galenstock 3597 m 11,802 ft Sustenhorn 3512 m 11,523 ft Gspaltenhorn 3442 m 11,293 ft Fleckistock 3418 m 11,214 ft Gross Huhnerstock 3348 m 10,985 ft Ewigschneehorn 3331 m 10,929 ft Ritzlihorn 3282 m 10,768 ft Wildhorn 3264 m 10,709 ft Diablerets 3246 m 10,650 ft Wildstrubel 3243 m 10,640 ft Titlis 3239 m 10,627 ft Gross Spannort 3205 m 10,516 ft Wellhorn 3196 m 10,486 ft Mettenberg 3107 m 10,194 ft Loffelhorn 3098 m 10,165 ft Grand Muveran 3061 m 10,043 ft Gross Wendenstock 3044 m 9987 ft Sparrhorn 3026 m 9928 ft Torrenthorn 3003 m 9853 ft Grande Dent de Morcles 2980 m 9777 ft Schilthorn 2973 m 9754 ft Eggishorn 2934 m 9626 ft Uri Rothstock 2932 m 9620 ft Schwarzhorn Grindelwald 2930 m 9613 ft Gross Siedelhorn 2881 m 9452 ft Albristhorn 2764 m 9069 ft Rothihorn 2759 m 9052 ft Faulhorn 2683 m 8803 ft Gummfluh 2461 m 8074 ft Sulegg 2412 m 7914 ft Vanil Noir 2395 m 7858 ft Niesen 2366 m 7763 ft Brienzer Rothorn 2351 m 7714 ft Tour d'Ai 2334 m 7658 ft Hohgant 2202 m 7225 ft Stockhorn 2192 m 7192 ft Kaiseregg 2189 m 7182 ft Mount Pilatus Tomlishorn 2132 m 6995 ft Chamossaire 2116 m 6943 ft Gemmenalphorn 2064 m 6772 ft Rochers de Naye 1740 m 5710 ft Moleson 2006 m 6582 ft Dent de Jaman 1879 m 6165 ft ・List of passes The chief passes of the Bernese Alps are: Mountain pass location type elevation Lauitor Lauterbrunnen to the Eggishorn snow 3700 m 12,140 ft Monchjoch Grindelwald to the Eggishorn snow 3560 m 11,680 ft Jungfraujoch Wengernalp to the Eggishorn snow 3470 m 11,385 ft Strahlegg Pass Grindelwald to the Grimsel Pass snow 3351 m 10,995 ft Grunhornlucke Great Aletsch Glacier to the Fiescher Glacier snow 3305 m 10,844 ft Oberaarjoch Grimsel to the Eggishorn snow 3233 m 10,607 ft Gauli Pass Grimsel to Meiringen snow 3206 m 10,519 ft Petersgrat Lauterbrunnen to the Lotschental snow 3205 m 10,516 ft Lotschenlucke Lotschental to the Eggishorn snow 3204 m 10,512 ft Lauteraarsattel Grindelwald to the Grimsel snow 3156 m 10,355 ft Beichgrat Lotschental to the Belalp snow 3136 m 10,289 ft Lammernjoch Lenk to the Gemmi snow 3132 m 10,276 ft Triftlimmi Rhone Glacier to the Gadmental snow 3109 m 10,200 ft Sustenlimmi Stein Alp to Goschenen snow 3103 m 10,181 ft Gamchilucke Kiental to Lauterbrunnen snow 2833 m 9295 ft Tschiugel Pass Lauterbrunnen to Kandersteg snow 2824 m 9265 ft Hohturli Pass Kandersteg to the Kiental foot path 2707 m 8882 ft Lotschen Pass Kandersteg to the Lotschental snow 2695 m 8842 ft Sefinenfurgge Lauterbrunnen to the Kiental foot path 2616 m 8583 ft Wendenjoch Engelberg to the Gadmental snow 2604 m 8544 ft Furtwangsattel Guttannen to the Gadmental foot path 2558 m 8393 ft Furka Pass Rhone Glacier to Andermatt road 2436 m 7992 ft Rawil Pass Sion to Lenk im Simmental bridle path 2415 m 7924 ft Gemmi Pass Kandersteg to Leukerbad bridle path 2329 m 7641 ft Surenen Pass Engelberg to Altdorf foot path 2305 m 7563 ft Susten Pass Meiringen to Wassen road 2262 m 7422 ft Sanetsch Pass Sion to Saanen bridle path 2234 m 7331 ft Joch Pass Meiringen to Engelberg bridle path 2215 m 7267 ft Grimsel Pass Meiringen to the Rhone Glacier road 2164 m 7100 ft Kleine Scheidegg Grindelwald to Lauterbrunnen path, railway 2064 m 6772 ft Col de Cheville Sion to Bex bridle path 2049 m 6723 ft Grosse Scheidegg Grindelwald to Meiringen bridle path 1967 m 6454 ft Col de Jaman Montreux to Montbovon mule path railway tunnel 1516 m 4974 ft Brunig Pass Meiringen to Lucerne road, railway 1035 m 3396 ft
●Lepontine Alps
List of peaks The chief peaks of the Lepontine Alps are: Name Elevation m ft Monte Leone 3,561 11,684 Rheinwaldhorn 3,402 11,149 Guferhorn 3,393 11,132 Blindenhorn 3,384 11,103 Basodino 3,276 10,749 Tambohorn 3,276 10,749 Helsenhorn 3,274 10,742 Wasenhorn 3,255 10,680 Ofenhorn 3,242 10,637 Cherbadung 3,213 10,542 Piz Medel 3,203 10,509 Scopi 3,200 10,499 Pizzo Rotondo 3,197 10,489 Pizzo dei Piani 3,158 10,361 Piz Terri 3,151 10,331 Piz Aul 3,124 10,250 Pizzo di Pesciora 3,123 10,247 Wyttenwasserstock 3,084 10,119 Campo Tencia 3,075 10,089 Leckihorn 3,069 10,069 Bruschghorn 3,054 10,020 Alperschellihorn 3,045 9,991 Piz Blas 3,023 9,918 Monte Giove 3,010 9,876 Pizzo Centrale 3,003 9,853 Pizzas d'Annarosa 3,002 9,850 Piz Beverin 3,000 9,843 Weisshorn (Splugen) 2,992 9,817 Pizzo Lucendro 2,959 9,708 Piz Tomul 2,949 9,676 Piz Cavel 2,944 9,659 Barenhorn 2,932 9,620 Six Madun (Badus) 2,932 9,619 Piz Muraun 2,899 9,512 Zervreilerhorn 2,898 9,508 Monte Cistella 2,851 9,353 Piz Lukmanier 2,778 9,115 Monte Prosa 2,738 8,983 Pizzo Columbe 2,549 8,363 Monte Camoghe 2,226 7,303 Piz Mundaun 2,065 6,775 Monte Generoso 1,704 5,591 Monte San Salvatore 916 3,004 ・List of passes The chief passes of the Lepontine Alps are: Mountain pass location type elevation m ft Zapport Pass Hinterrhein to Malvaglia and Biasca snow 3,079 10,103 Guferlucke Canaltal to Lentatal (near Vals, Switzerland) snow 2,980 9,777 Lentalucke Hinterrhein to Vals snow 2,954 9,692 Hohsand Pass Binn to La Frua (Toce waterfalls) snow 2,927 9,603 Lecki Pass Realp to Oberwald VS snow 2,912 9,554 Passo Rotondo Airolo to Oberwald snow 2,880 9,449 Kaltwasser Pass Simplon Hospice to Alpe Veglia snow 2,844 9,331 Scaradra Pass Vals to Olivone foot path 2,770 9,088 Satteltelucke Vals to Vrin foot path 2,768 9,082 Ritter Pass Binn to Alpe Veglia snow 2,692 8,832 Cavanna Pass Realp to Bedretto snow 2,611 8,566 Scatta Minoja Devero to Formazza bridle path 2,597 8,521 Bocca di Cadlimo Airolo to the Lukmanier Pass foot path 2,542 8,340 Valserberg Hinterrhein to Vals bridle path 2,507 8,225 Safierberg Splugen to Safien bridle path 2,490 8,170 Nufenen Pass Ulrichen to Airolo road 2,478 8,130 Geisspfad Pass Binn to Devero foot path 2,475 8,120 Gries Pass Ulrichen to La Frua bridle path 2,468 8,098 Passo di Naret Fusio to Airolo bridle path 2,443 8,015 Passo Valtendra Alpe Veglia to Devero and Baceno bridle path 2,431 7,976 Diesrut Pass Vrin to Somvix bridle path 2,424 7,953 Albrun Pass Binn to Devero and Baceno bridle path 2,410 7,907 Greina Pass Olivone to Somvix bridle path 2,360 7,743 San Giacomo Pass Airolo to La Frua bridle path 2,308 7,573 Passo di Buffalora Mesocco to the Val Calanca foot path 2,265 7,431 Passo dell'Uomo Quinto, Switzerland to the Lukmanier Pass bridle path 2,212 7,258 Splugen Pass Thusis to Chiavenna road 2,117 6,946 St Gotthard Pass Andermatt to Airolo road 2,114 6,936 San Bernardino Pass Thusis to Bellinzona road 2,063 6,769 Lukmanier Pass Disentis to Olivone road 1,917 6,289
●Glaurus-Alpen
Glarus Alps From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search The chief peaks of the Todi Range of the Swiss Alps, from the Oberalp Pass to the Klausen Pass, are: Name Elevation Todi 3623 meters 11,887 feet Bifertenstock 3426 meters 11,241 feet Piz Urlaun 3371 meters 11,060 feet Oberalpstock 3330 meters 10,926 feet Gross Scheerhorn 3296 meters 10,814 feet Claridenstock 3270 meters 10,729 feet Dussistock 3262 meters 10,703 feet Ringelspitz 3251 meters 10,667 feet Brigelserhorner highest 3250 meters 10,663 feet Grosse Windgalle 3192 meters 10,473 feet Hausstock 3152 meters 10,342 feet Gross Ruchen 3136 meters 10,289 feet Piz Segnes 3102 meters 10,178 feet Piz Giuf 3098 meters 10,165 feet Crispalt 3080 meters 10,105 feet Bristenstock 3074 meters 10,086 feet Selbsanft 3029 meters 9,938 feet Vorab 3025 meters 9,925 feet Tschingelhorner Elm 2850 meters 9,351 feet Piz Sol Grauehorner 2849 meters 9,348 feet Calanda 2808 meters 9,213 feet Karpfstock 2797 meters 9,177 feet Mageren 2528 meters 8,294 feet Murtschenstock 2442 meters 8,012 feet ・Passes The chief passes of the Todi Range, from the Oberalp Pass to the Klausen Pass, are: Note: road status as of 1911. Mountain pass Location Type (as of 1911) Elevation Clariden Pass Amsteg to Linthal snow 2969 meters 9741 feet Planura Pass Amsteg to Linthal snow 2940 meters 9646 feet Kammlilucke or Scheerjoch Maderanertal to Unterschachen snow 2848 meters 9344 feet Sardona Pass Flims to Bad Ragaz snow 2840 meters 9318 feet Sand Alp Pass Disentis to Linthal snow 2780 meters 9121 feet Brunni Pass Disentis to Amsteg snow 2736 meters 8977 feet Segnes Pass Elm to Flims foot path 2625 meters 8613 feet Kisten Pass Linthal to Ilanz bad bridle path 2500 meters 8203 feet Panixer Pass Elm to Ilanz bad bridle path 2407 meters 7897 feet Chruzli Pass Amsteg to Sedrun foot path 2350 meters 7710 feet Foo or Ramin Pass Elm to Weisstannen bridle path 2222 meters 7290 feet Oberalp Pass Andermatt to Disentis carriage road 2048 meters 6719 feet Klausen Pass Altdorf to Linththal carriage road 1952 meters 6404 feet
 ・Todi Range

●North-Eastern Swiss Alps
Peaks The chief peaks of the Swiss (Pre-)Alps, north of the Klausen Pass, are: Santis above Alt St. Johann Grosser MythenName Elevation Glarnisch (highest) 2920 m (9580 ft) Bos Fulen (Boser Faulen) 2804 m (9199 ft) Santis 2504 m (8215 ft) Altmann 2438 m (7999 ft) Faulfirst 2416 m (7927 ft) Alvier 2363 m (7753 ft) Churfirsten (highest) 2309 m (7575 ft) Speer 1954 m (6411 ft) Grosser Mythen 1902 m (6240 ft) Rigikulm 1800 m (5906 ft) Hoher Kasten 1798 m (5899 ft) Rossberg 1583 m (5194 ft) Zugerberg Hochwacht 992 m (3255 ft) Albis Hochwacht 880 m (2887 ft) Uetliberg 873 m (2864 ft) The chief passes of the Swiss Alps, north of the Klausen Pass, are: Note: road status as of 1911. Mountain pass location type (as of 1911) elevation Ruosalperkulm Schachen Valley to the Muota Valley foot path 2172 m (7126 ft) Karren Alp Pass Muota Valley to Linthal foot path 2096 m (6877 ft) Kinzigkulm Pass Schachen Valley to the Muota Valley foot path 2076 m (6811 ft) Saasberg Pass Einsiedeln to Glarus foot path 1898 m (6227 ft) Kamor Pass Appenzell to Ruthi bridle path 1680 m (5512 ft) Saxerlucke Appenzell to Sax foot path 1651 m (5417 ft) Schwein Alp Pass Wagital (Waggithal) to bridle path 1572 m (5157 ft) Pragel Pass Muotathal to Glarus carriage road in progress 1554 m (5098 ft) Hacken Pass Schwyz to Einsiedeln foot path 1417 m (4649 ft) Holzegg Pass Schwyz to Einsiedeln bridle path 1407 m (4616 ft) Ibergeregg Pass Schwyz to Iberg and Einsiedeln carriage road 1406 m (4613 ft) Krazeren Pass Nesslau to Urnasch bridle path 1217 m (3993 ft)
−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−

B:■Eastern Alps


●Northern Limestone Alps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Limestone_Alps


 ・The Alps of Bavaria, the Vorarlberg, and Salzburg

●Flysch zone
(from the Wienerwaldウィーン to Bregenzerwaldブレゲンツ).・・De/At

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flyschzone


●Central Eastern Alps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Eastern_Alps


 ・Bergamo Alps  ・Rhaetian Alps, including Bernina Range, Livigno Range, Sesvenna Range, Albula Range, Silvretta and Ratikon  ・Verwall Alps and Samnaun Alps  ・Tyrolean Alps, including Otztal Alps, Stubai Alps, Kitzbuhel Alps, Hohe Tauern and Zillertal Alps  ・Niedere Tauern


●Southern Limestone Alps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Limestone_Alps



 ・Adamello-Presanella and Brenta Group  ・Ortler Alps  ・Dolomites  ・Carnic Alps  ・Julian Alps  ・Karavanke  ・Kamnik Alps



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http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=331


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http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=332


●Eastern Alps
http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=333

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wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_the_Alps:Tectonic_map_Mediterranean


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